Obama’s flawed framing of wage and income problems in the State of the Union

Sottotitolo: 
Technological change has not been a leading factor in our wage problems or inequality in the 2000s. Wage stagnation and growing wage inequality are the consequences of policy decisions made over the last four decades.

Having closely followed all of President Obama’s speeches on income inequality, I’ve noticed a significant move forward, from an abstract discussion to one that focused on the key underlying issue—the need to generate robust, widespread wage growth. Unfortunately, this week’s State of the Union (SOTU) address was a huge step backward in how the president framed and discussed the issue. His policy agenda, which I view very favorably, has not shifted. President Obama actually has a wage growth agenda—he just does not highlight its elements as part of a coherent package. That’s unfortunate.

The president’s SOTU framed income inequality and the “strain” on working families as the result of ongoing technological disruption, a force widely considered to be something we cannot nor should not do something about. This is extremely disappointing, incorrect as a factual matter, and misdirects our policy focus and mis-educates the public. It is especially disappointing since the views of center-left economists have been converging on a recognition that technological change has not been a leading factor in our wage problems or inequality in the 2000s (see Mike Konzcal). One need only note the statements made by President Obama’s leading economic advisor in the first term, Larry Summers, last March at a Hamilton Project event on the role of robots:

“And I am concerned that if we allow the idea to take hold that all we need to do is there are all these jobs with skills and if we just can train people a bit then they will be able to get into them and the whole problem will go away. I think that is fundamentally an evasion of a profound social challenge… I think that the broad empowerment of labor in a world where an increasing part of the economy is generating income that has a kind of rent aspect to it, and the question of who is going to share in it becomes very large.”

In plainer terms, Summers is saying that economy’s winners at the top of the income scale have gotten more than their share gaining ‘rents’ (meaning they don’t reflect efficiency gains), and that giving working people the power to act collectively will be key to any rebalancing between the elites and the middle and working classes. He’s saying that any talk about “skill deficits” as the cause of wage problems—that is what the technology story is all about— is misguided, and evades the essential questions of power in the marketplace that drive inequality and wage stagnation.


In fact, wage stagnation and growing wage inequality are the consequences of policy decisions made over the last four decades that have undercut the ability of the vast majority to obtain rising inflation-adjusted wage growth. These policy decisions (or omissions) have favored those with the most income, wealth, and power: failed macroeconomic policies, including the Federal Reserve Board, that have kept unemployment too high; weakened labor standards (e.g. lowered minimum wage, weakened overtime, misclassification, wage theft); eroded collective bargaining; globalization; and executive pay and financial sector policies that fueled top one percent income growth. In contrast, technological change has been going on for a century and its impact on how we produce things and the skills employers need has not accelerated in the 2000s, nor has it particularly favored higher wage workers (see David Autor, Beaudry et al, and Mishel et al) in a way that can explain why high-wage workers have fared far better than those in the middle or the bottom. Technological change can certainly not explain the tremendous success of the top 1 percent.

So with that, here is an annotated discussion of the key excerpts from the SOTU. Obama sets the stage by focusing on technological disruption as the main factor—the big picture dynamic that is hurting working families.

President Obama: We live in a time of extraordinary change — change that’s reshaping the way we live, the way we work, our planet and our place in the world. It’s change that promises amazing medical breakthroughs, but also economic disruptions that strain working families. It promises education for girls in the most remote villages, but also connects terrorists plotting an ocean away. It’s change that can broaden opportunity, or widen inequality. And whether we like it or not, the pace of this change will only accelerate.

Obviously, this ignores that we have just come through the deepest recession since the 1930s, and are still slogging through a slow recovery. This deep recession was the result of a financial crisis (generated on his predecessor’s watch), caused by Wall Street’s greed and excesses and an inadequate—mostly due to GOP resistance to policy and state-level austerity—response to restore us more rapidly to full employment.

Unemployment has dropped from its height of 10 percent to the current 5 percent, but we still have a ways to go. Blacks are still living in a deep recession. Our continued economic weakness is best seen in the share of the prime-age (25–54) workforce that is employed: it dropped by 4.7 percentage points between December 2007 and the summer of 2010 and has recovered only half the drop since then. This is why many economists believe we still have a ways to go to get to full employment and that we still face inadequate demand.

Incomes have been depressed for fifteen years, but especially since the recession began in 2008, and are nowhere near recovery: between 2009 (the start of recovery) and 2014 (the latest year of data), the income of the median working-age household (those under 65) fell from $63,532 to $60,462 (all in 2014 dollars). That puts it 9.2 percent below 2007, the last year before the recession. That is a long time to be underwater. And this followed the earlier period from 2000-07 where income fell 3.4 percent. So, we’ve had 14-15 years of pitiful income growth. No wonder people are not feeling the recovery.

This is primarily the result of excessive unemployment on top of broad-based wage and benefit stagnation, affecting both white-collar and blue-collar workers, which has prevailed since 2002 (and for the typical worker for most of the last four decades). That’s not technological change straining working families, nor should Obama be blamed for this income decline.

President Obama: In fact, it’s that spirit that made the progress of these past seven years possible. It’s how we recovered from the worst economic crisis in generations. It’s how we reformed our health care system, and reinvented our energy sector; how we delivered more care and benefits to our troops and veterans, and how we secured the freedom in every state to marry the person we love. But such progress is not inevitable. It is the result of choices we make together. And we face such choices right now.

The president is correct to proclaim that we can make progress through the policies we choose. But, unfortunately, he ignores that when it comes to income and wage problems. He’s wrong to portray wage stagnation as the inevitable consequence of technological change. We can generate robust wage growth through policy actions.

President Obama: What is true — and the reason that a lot of Americans feel anxious — is that the economy has been changing in profound ways, changes that started long before the Great Recession hit and haven’t let up. Today, technology doesn’t just replace jobs on the assembly line, but any job where work can be automated. Companies in a global economy can locate anywhere, and face tougher competition. As a result, workers have less leverage for a raise. Companies have less loyalty to their communities. And more and more wealth and income is concentrated at the very top.
All these trends have squeezed workers, even when they have jobs; even when the economy is growing. It’s made it harder for a hardworking family to pull itself out of poverty, harder for young people to start on their careers, and tougher for workers to retire when they want to. And although none of these trends are unique to America, they do offend our uniquely American belief that everybody who works hard should get a fair shot.


Here Obama goes full-bore to argue that the squeeze on workers is due to technological change, a force that is beyond our control. He brings in globalization, but seems to suggest it is technology that facilitates companies’ offshoring their production. The fact is, there is no case whatsoever that technology has caused the wage problems since 2000, as has been increasingly accepted by center-left economists. Employment expansion has occurred almost solely among occupations in the bottom third of the occupational wage scale, so there’s no possibility that there’s a growing unmet demand for highly skilled, ”educated” workers being generated by technology that is bidding up wages at the top. Wages for college graduates have been flat since 2002 and many new college graduates have been shunted to jobs that do not require a college degree. The fact is, there’s no evidence that technological change has accelerated since 2000 or turned against middle-wage workers in a new way. Nor does Obama acknowledge that globalization, while surely facilitated by technology, has also been propelled by choices around exchange rates, trade treaties, and other policies.

Wage stagnation is a problem President Obama inherited, but it has continued under him. Laudably, the administration has taken actions that can help restore wage growth—new fair contracting rules, revised overtime rules, attacking employee misclassification, minimum wages for contractors, providing legal work status and eventual citizenship to exploited undocumented workers, NLRB policy changes to facilitate collective bargaining and more—and suggested others—raising the minimum wage, changes to labor laws, etc.—that require legislation. Unfortunately, rather than highlight what is essentially the “Obama wage agenda” that can help balance out power in the labor market, the president chose to blame wage problems on external technological forces.]

Obama shifts to “opportunity,” rather than income or wage trends. Opportunity surely needs to be improved in the United States, but doing so will do nothing to generate more inclusive economic growth over the next twenty years, since opportunity policies are mostly education-related policies aimed at the next generation.

President Obama: We agree that real opportunity requires every American to get the education and training they need to land a good-paying job. The bipartisan reform of No Child Left Behind was an important start, and together, we’ve increased early childhood education, lifted high school graduation rates to new highs, and boosted graduates in fields like engineering. In the coming years, we should build on that progress, by providing Pre-K for all, offering every student the hands-on computer science and math classes that make them job-ready on day one, and we should recruit and support more great teachers for our kids.
And we have to make college affordable for every American. Because no hardworking student should be stuck in the red. We’ve already reduced student loan payments to ten percent of a borrower’s income. Now, we’ve actually got to cut the cost of college. Providing two years of community college at no cost for every responsible student is one of the best ways to do that, and I’m going to keep fighting to get that started this year.


This section is focused on educational improvement and college access—an opportunity agenda These are important policies, but, again, these policies help the next generation obtain high-wage jobs (assuming they will be there) but do not affect how today’s vast majority will fare economically in the near future and, specifically, if the vast majority will see their wages and benefits grow along with rising productivity.

President Obama: Of course, a great education isn’t all we need in this new economy. We also need benefits and protections that provide a basic measure of security. After all, it’s not much of a stretch to say that some of the only people in America who are going to work the same job, in the same place, with a health and retirement package, for 30 years, are sitting in this chamber. For everyone else, especially folks in their forties and fifties, saving for retirement or bouncing back from job loss has gotten a lot tougher. Americans understand that at some point in their careers, they may have to retool and retrain. But they shouldn’t lose what they’ve already worked so hard to build.

Obama now discusses economic security as a topic, but the focus is on aiding people who are transitioning between jobs: unemployment insurance, retraining, and wage insurance. Frankly, retooling and retraining will not work unless we have bountiful decent-paying jobs for people to transition into. What is missing is an agenda to make sure jobs pay well and provide decent benefits and advancement. This would also have been a good place for the president to talk about infrastructure investments and other policies that might actually create jobs.

President Obama: Now, I’m guessing we won’t agree on health care anytime soon. But there should be other ways both parties can improve economic security. Say a hardworking American loses his job — we shouldn’t just make sure he can get unemployment insurance; we should make sure that program encourages him to retrain for a business that’s ready to hire him. If that new job doesn’t pay as much, there should be a system of wage insurance in place so that he can still pay his bills. And even if he’s going from job to job, he should still be able to save for retirement and take his savings with him. That’s the way we make the new economy work better for everyone.

When poverty comes up Obama understandably raises policies where there might be some agreement, like extending the Earned Income Tax Credit to another group. Still, this is pretty weak tea for addressing poverty.

President Obama: I also know Speaker Ryan has talked about his interest in tackling poverty. America is about giving everybody willing to work a hand up, and I’d welcome a serious discussion about strategies we can all support, like expanding tax cuts for low-income workers without kids.

The frustrating thing about the president’s rhetoric is that he has been pursuing a vigorous agenda in the second term that can help rebuild an economy that generates robust wage growth for the vast majority. It would have been helpful if he adequately explained the need for such an agenda to the public and explained what he is actually doing to lift wages

Lawrence Mishel

President of the Economic Policy Institute.Co-author The State of Working America. He has testified before Congress on promoting policies that reduce inequality, generate jobs, improve the lives of American workers.

Качественный столичный

Качественный столичный холодильников ремонт за деньги в Люберцах
Срочный Московский ремонт холодильников за евро в Реутове
Оптимальный столичный холодильников ремонт дешево в Реутове
Быстрый Московский холодильников ремонт безналично в Балашихе
Срочный выгодный ремонт холодильников за наличные в Железнодожный
Оптимальный приемлемый ремонт холодильников за доллары в Печатниках
Круглосуточный столичный ремонт холодильников за рубли в Таганском
Оптимальный столичный ремонт холодильников не дорого в Кузьминках
Качественный Московский холодильников ремонт за доллары в Марьино
Быстрый выгодный холодильников ремонт по карточке в Новокосино

http://order-tampliers.ucoz.ua/index/8-4128
http://msiwind.ucoz.net/index/8-27156
http://www.doka-klub.lv/index/8-14349
http://desperados-css.clan.su/index/8-15249
http://joyinhimed.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=5225

Не люблю спорить о Obama’s flawed framing of wage and income problems in the State of the Union | Insight , ну да ладно...

Качественный столичный

Качественный столичный холодильников ремонт за деньги в Люберцах
Срочный Московский ремонт холодильников за евро в Реутове
Оптимальный столичный холодильников ремонт дешево в Реутове
Быстрый Московский холодильников ремонт безналично в Балашихе
Срочный выгодный ремонт холодильников за наличные в Железнодожный
Оптимальный приемлемый ремонт холодильников за доллары в Печатниках
Круглосуточный столичный ремонт холодильников за рубли в Таганском
Оптимальный столичный ремонт холодильников не дорого в Кузьминках
Качественный Московский холодильников ремонт за доллары в Марьино
Быстрый выгодный холодильников ремонт по карточке в Новокосино

http://order-tampliers.ucoz.ua/index/8-4128
http://msiwind.ucoz.net/index/8-27156
http://www.doka-klub.lv/index/8-14349
http://desperados-css.clan.su/index/8-15249
http://joyinhimed.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=5225

Не люблю спорить о Obama’s flawed framing of wage and income problems in the State of the Union | Insight , ну да ладно...

Wonderful! Я предпологал что

Wonderful! Я предпологал что to introduce myself ugly. Obama’s flawed framing of wage and income problems in the State of the Union | Insight
http://xn----7sbflmgw5aeq6li.xn--p1ai/user/LocExpab/
Though all belongs like the hand of a professional.http://gidshow.net/user/Locwharp/ Happy destiny .

Wonderful! Я предпологал что

Wonderful! Я предпологал что to introduce myself ugly. Obama’s flawed framing of wage and income problems in the State of the Union | Insight
http://xn----7sbflmgw5aeq6li.xn--p1ai/user/LocExpab/
Though all belongs like the hand of a professional.http://gidshow.net/user/Locwharp/ Happy destiny .

Amelia you said этот Ремонт

Amelia you said этот Ремонт холодильников реутовРемонт холодильников реутов.
Make a point of asking about his wife. Make it a point to be here by 10. http://1064.ucoz.ru/index/8-21431 do http://szkfsc.com/jiaoliu/home.php?mod=space&uid=240202 Reply to comment | Insight

Тay. Learn this poem by heart

Тay. Learn this poem by heart for tomorrow.
http://mustdie.ucoz.net/index/8-13418
http://cs-lost.3dn.ru/index/8-10971

Тay. Learn this poem by heart

Тay. Learn this poem by heart for tomorrow.
http://mustdie.ucoz.net/index/8-13418
http://cs-lost.3dn.ru/index/8-10971

I know how you feel. He’s

I know how you feel. He’s cautious and always on the alert.

I know how you feel. He’s

I know how you feel. He’s cautious and always on the alert.

Approval, praise, admiration.

Approval, praise, admiration. Thank you. — Never mind.

You did it! Off the cuff, I

You did it! Off the cuff, I can give you only a rough estimate.

You did it! Off the cuff, I

You did it! Off the cuff, I can give you only a rough estimate.

wqThe traditional solid mcm

wqThe traditional solid mcm handbags outlet wood flooring is an nike air force arrogant prada outlet thing, nike outlet the dolphins nfl jersey requirements of kate spade outlet online the pavement is extremely dsquared2 jeans high, the ecco outlet online shop ravens nfl jersey is not good air max one or two ralph lauren years after ray-ban sunglasses the michael kors floor will new balance shoes be longchamp black friday sewn adidas online arch, long champ give you barbour jackets face michael kors to michael kors purses see. Solid ray ban wood converse lock reebok floor through a ralph lauren outlet online special cartier montres tenon design, converse shoes making christian louboutin shoes the board rolex watches and north face the board as tight as mcm handbags the tiger's nike air yeezy mouth, mutual containment. Here I am polo ralph lauren outlet more detailed understanding michael kors of the oakley sunglasses next solid air max 90 wood lock floor phoenix suns vs nike air max traditional floor cheap mlb jerseys it. The traditional mizuno running solid hugo boss clothes wood jazz jersey flooring

is tommy hilfiger an arrogant thing, the requirements nike mercurial of new balance the pavement is cheap michael kors extremely indoor soccer shoes high, the nike outlet store shop atlanta hawks jersey is beats audio not handbags outlet good one or two years after the floor michael kors will hollister co be open from the instyler arch, give you fake rolex face to see. knockoff handbags Many of softball bats the hollister shops givenchy handbags have oakley just been completed cavaliers jerseys after the floor has been arch, lacoste outlet online and patriots nfl jersey the decoration has long lunette ray ban been gone. red bottoms Some serious nike tracksuits arch phenomenon, the broncos nfl jersey arch even ray ban outlet the door are not switch. giuseppe shoes Many people mbt mens shoes even the north face outlet willing to abandon the solid wood nike roshe flooring handbags outlet and nike roche run choose composite floor, burberry outlet mostly because

of this problem. Then nike there are many solid cheap jerseys wood flooring for the timberland shoes so-called fixation, and nike huaraches extensive designer handbags use of kate spade bags glue. basketball shoes Do not know ralph lauren outlet online the wood fear of the tide, and puma sneakers glue are mostly nike free run water-based, wood longchamp floor baseball bats moisture absorption air jordans is watches canada inevitable ipad mini cases from hollister the arch. thomas sabo "Tiger's nike shoes outlet mouth" the north face solid wood floor charlotte hornets jerseys lock technology to hilfiger online shop absorb brooklyn nets jersey the ancient Chinese tenon structure air jordan shoes of coach factory outlet the excellent characteristics. Through the special tenon vans shoes design, chi hair making the board and michael kors outlet online the nba jerseys board michael kors outlet online as the tiger's mouth as giants nfl jersey closelyThe ralph lauren traditional solid wood flooring is ralph lauren outlet online an arrogant thing, the requirements of michael kors bags the pavement marc jacobs is extremely burberry sale high, the shop ralph lauren outlet is ralph lauren black friday not good one trail blazers jersey or pandora jewelry two air jordan retro years after the floor will be sewn arch, give you face to hermes birkin bag see. Solid coach factory outlet online wood lock floor through a special tenon coach outlet online design, making ray ban outlet the seahawks nfl jersey board ralph lauren uk and the board as tight as the burberry sale tiger's mouth, mutual containment. Here coach store I mcm handbags am more detailed understanding longchamp of the next oakley sunglasses outlet solid wood ralph lauren polos lock floor vs traditional floor wizards jersey it. The traditional solid wood burberry handbags flooring

is an arrogant thing, the requirements of the pavement is cheap oakley sunglasses extremely high, the shop is not good one or two swarovski online years after the air max 90 floor salvatore ferragamo will chi flat iron be open from the arch, give you coach purses factory face to see. oakley Many of the shops have just been completed after prada sunglasses the floor has been cheap clothes arch, and the decoration nike outlet has long vans been vans gone. celine black friday Some kids hoodies serious cheap jerseys arch phenomenon, hollister kids the coach factory arch even the door adidas are not michael kors handbags switch. jimmy choo outlet Many people even willing timberland boots to abandon the prada solid wood flooring nba jersey and bengals nfl jersey choose composite floor, mostly because

of this swarovski problem. converse sneakers Then bcbg max there longchamp handbags are many solid burberry handbags wood flooring cowboys nfl jersey for tory burch handbags the azcardinals nfl jersey so-called fixation, and barbour outlet online extensive use of glue. occhiali oakley Do not tn pas cher know ray ban the jordans wood fear dallas mavericks jerseys of the tide, and glue are coach handbags mostly pandora schmuck water-based, wood floor moisture absorption is inevitable from the arch. "Tiger's mouth" philadelphia 76ers jerseys solid wood floor lock technology to air max 2015 absorb the ancient Chinese tenon structure of air max the puma online excellent characteristics. steelers nfl jersey Through the golden state warriors jerseys special tenon nike free run 5.0 design, making the board toms shoes outlet and cheap jerseys the board swarovski canada as the tiger's mouth as closelyThe replica rolex traditional toms shoes solid north face wood flooring is tommy hilfiger an arrogant thing, the nike air max requirements of the tommy hilfiger pavement is huarache extremely high, the ray ban sunglasses outlet shop is not nike free good fossil uhren one or two years texans nfl jersey after the ferragamo floor will be sewn arch, give cheap true religion you face to cheap mlb jerseys see. juicy couture outlet Solid wood lock floor giuseppe zanotti sneakers through hollister a special tenon design, making the omega board toms shoes and the board as michael kors canada tight celine bags as hermes bags the tiger's mouth, mutual containment. Here denver nuggets jersey I am more detailed asics understanding of the orlando magic jersey next panthers nfl jersey solid adidas wood adidas outlet lock floor vs traditional floor it. The traditional solid wood oakley black friday flooring

is an coach outlet online arrogant jordans thing, the requirements of the michael kors outlet pavement is cheap nike shoes extremely high, coach store online the cheap barbour jackets shop nike air max 2014 is not good polo ralph lauren one or two years after the floor will beats by dr dre be open from beats by dr dre the air max arch, give swarovski jewelry you face marc jacobs to see. Many salomon of nike mercurial the colts nfl jersey shops have just been completed under armour curry after the longchamp floor lunette oakley has levi's jeans been christian louboutin arch, and nfl jerseys the decoration has long been gone. north face Some serious adidas outlet arch north face phenomenon, the arch oakley sunglasses cheap even the door nike air max are ray ban outlet online not switch. michael kors bags Many people oakley sunglasses outlet even willing to rams nfl jersey abandon ray ban sunglasses the solid wood flooring and choose composite floor, burberry handbags outlet mostly burberry outlet store because

of coach outlet sale this problem. Then there bcbg max azria are many cheap ray ban solid burberry sale wood flooring for the so-called fixation, and valentino extensive use jimmy choo shoes of toms shoes glue. louboutin outlet Do not packers nfl jersey know the cheap oakley sunglasses wood fear new balance of the tide, and glue are mostly water-based, new balance outlet wood floor moisture absorption is inevitable from the longchamp outlet arch. "Tiger's ray bans mouth" katespade solid wood coach outlet floor 49ers nfl jersey lock nike air max technology pandora to oakley sunglasses absorb nike the ancient jordan jerseys Chinese tenon structure of the excellent buccaneers nfl jersey characteristics. Through the toms shoes special lions nfl jersey tenon clippers jersey design, making calvin klein underwear the coach store outlet board and the board nike as cheap oakley the tiger's bottega veneta mouth as closelyThe traditional adidas solid cheap glasses wood flooring cheap nhl jerseys is michael kors an arrogant hogan thing, the requirements armani shoes outlet of toms.com the pavement is extremely cheap nhl jerseys high, the ray ban sonnenbrillen shop philipp plein clothing is ralph lauren outlet not good one or nike air max 2014 two years oakley after ferragamo shoes the browns nfl jersey floor will burberry handbags outlet be toms outlet sewn versace clothes arch, nike roshe give you barbour jackets face to see. converse Solid occhiali ray ban wood lock floor louboutin through a special tenon design, pandora making kobe bryant jerseys the rolex replica board ray ban and ralph lauren the board ralph lauren as burberry tight as the tiger's mouth, mutual containment. Here I am more detailed toms shoes outlet understanding michael kors outlet online of the air max next solid wood lock floor vs traditional air force floor swarovski jewelry it. pacers jersey The traditional solid wood flooring

is an coach black friday arrogant asics gel thing, the requirements of north face jackets the true religion jeans women pavement michael kors outlet online sale is nike shoes extremely jerseys from china high, the shop is not good one michael kors outlet or two years after the juicy couture floor will be open from omega watches the arch, give you face to see. kings jersey Many of five finger shoes the nike canada shops have just been completed after michael kors black friday the discount shoes floor has been true religion arch, north face outlet and the hogan outlet decoration has long been gone. hollisterco Some cheap true religion serious arch roshe phenomenon, fendi bags the longchamp outlet arch nike even coach outlet canada the door are not switch. Many oakley vault people even vikings nfl jersey willing pandora uk to abandon the tory burch handbags solid wood flooring oakley canada and choose composite grizzlies jersey floor, mostly because

of this ray bans problem. Then there true religion outlet are many redskins nfl jersey solid wood polo ralph flooring for the so-called louboutin outlet fixation, tommy hilfiger and true religion jeans men extensive use of tory burch shoes glue. Do thomas sabo not know the cheap michael kors wood fear roshe runs of the ed hardy tide, and glue are mostly hermes water-based, wood floor moisture iphone 5 cases absorption titans nfl jersey is inevitable from the arch. michael kors taschen "Tiger's mouth" solid air max one wood timberland outlet floor lock plein outlet technology bills nfl jersey to absorb nike Air Max Plaza the ancient replica rolex Chinese tenon structure burberry of ray ban sunglasses outlet the excellent characteristics. rockets jersey Through the special michael kors tenon design, making the nike.com board and the kevin durant jersey board raptors jersey as the tiger's new orleans pelicans mouth swarovski crystal as burberry outlet online closelyThe knicks jersey traditional mcm bags solid tory burch outlet wood chargers nfl jersey flooring is an arrogant burberry thing, mcm bags the eagles nfl jersey requirements of the dwyane wade jersey pavement saints nfl jersey is extremely high, the shop is not good one michael kors handbags or two years after jets nfl jersey the floor will bears nfl jersey be sewn arch, give aktienkurse adidas you face to see. Solid wood lock ralph lauren online shop floor michael kors handbags through coach handbags a special tenon design, oakley sunglasses outlet making the board and the adidas canada board horloges as tight as the tiger's mouth, prada shoes mutual containment. Here I am nba jersey more detailed understanding of the next hollisterco solid ray ban black friday wood lock babyliss pro floor vs traditional prada handbags floor it. The new balance canada traditional solid wood flooring

is an arrogant thing, ralph lauren online the timberwolves jersey requirements of the pavement hilfiger outlet is extremely nike air huarache high, the shop chrome hearts store is p90x not good one or two years after michael kors the michael kors handbags floor will be open roshe run from ray ban wayfarer the oakley sunglasses arch, cheap jordans give michael kors purses you face to see. Many of the shops have soccer shoes just ray ban been completed pandora charms after the floor has been falcons nfl jersey arch, barbour jackets and the decoration has long been gone. Some serious michael kors purses arch eyeglasses stores phenomenon, the arch even the omega watches door are not switch. Many people cheap oakley sunglasses even willing jordan to abandon the solid wood flooring and ralph lauren factory store choose composite floor, mostly because

of polo ralph lauren outlet online this problem. Then polo ralph lauren there are louboutin uk many michael kors solid wood jaguars nfl jersey flooring wedding dresses for woolrich mens jackets the so-called fixation, and extensive oakley vault use hilfiger outlet of nike glue. Do dre beats not free run know chiefs nfl jersey the supra shoes wood fear of the tide, and burberry sale glue are mostly dsquared2 outlet water-based, coach factory online wood boston celtics floor moisture absorption is inevitable san antonio spurs jersey from the arch. "Tiger's mouth" solid wood north face backpacks floor lock ray ban outlet technology kate spade outlet online to mont blanc absorb red bottom shoes the ancient coach handbags outlet Chinese coach bags tenon structure of veneta the excellent characteristics. Through the special tenon chaussure timberland design, bucks jersey making the ralph lauren polo board and the raiders nfl jersey board as northface the tiger's mouth as closely

Post new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

More information about formatting options

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.